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Two distinct filling technologies are available for semi-automatic and fully automatic filling machines: volumetric and vacuum-level filling.

Manually operated filling machines tend only to fill volumetrically.

Volumetric filling machines

 

Manual liquid filling machines use a piston within a cylinder to force liquid into the container.

These normally have a pneumatically powered pump mechanism, set to fill containers with the required volume of liquid, fed from either a floor-standing container or a machine-mounted hopper.

Containers are positioned below the filling nozzles and a foot pedal switch to start the filling process.

Volumes between 5ml and 25-litres can be handled by volumetric filling machines and up to 150 containers per minute can be filled, depending on the fill volume, liquid viscosity and level of machine automation.

Handifill Liquid Filling Machine

Vacuum level filling machines

 

Vacuum level semi-automatic filling machines use the rim at the top of the container to form an airtight seal around the filling nozzle.

This airtight seal creates a vacuum within the bottle which draws free-flowing liquids from a supply tank into the bottle, via specially designed nozzles. These nozzles have a small hole on the side which is connected to a small internal tube.

The height of this hole in relation to the top of the container during filling determines the level of liquid dispensed. The small hole in the nozzle scavenges excess liquid from the filling process and collects it in a receiver for reuse.

Vacuum level filling machines fill containers to the same height each time, rather than dispensing the same volume. This is particularly useful for glass bottles which will be side-by-side on display shelves in shops. Glass bottles vary in capacity quite a lot, yet vacuum-level filling ensures the level each bottle is filled to is the same, giving a consistent appearance from one bottle to the next. Vacuum level filling requires rigid containers which won’t collapse under a vacuum.

Easifill Photo

Vacuum-level machines have virtually no moving parts, making them incredibly reliable, and can fill up to 120 bottles per minute depending on the container type, number of filling heads and level of automation.

Bottles are simply positioned with their top in contact with a sealing ring around the nozzle. The container will start to fill as soon as an airtight seal is made and stop when the pre-determined fill height is reached.

Two distinct filling technologies are available for semi-automatic and fully automatic filling machines: volumetric and vacuum-level filling.

Manually operated filling machines tend only to fill volumetrically.

Volumetric filling machines

 

Manual liquid filling machines use a piston within a cylinder to force liquid into the container.

These normally have a pneumatically powered pump mechanism, set to fill containers with the required volume of liquid, fed from either a floor-standing container or a machine-mounted hopper.

Containers are positioned below the filling nozzles and a foot pedal switch to start the filling process.

Volumes between 5ml and 25-litres can be handled by volumetric filling machines and up to 150 containers per minute can be filled, depending on the fill volume, liquid viscosity and level of machine automation.

Handifill Liquid Filling Machine

Vacuum level filling machines

Vacuum level semi-automatic filling machines use the rim at the top of the container to form an airtight seal around the filling nozzle.

Easifill Photo

This airtight seal creates a vacuum within the bottle which draws free-flowing liquids from a supply tank into the bottle, via specially designed nozzles. These nozzles have a small hole on the side which is connected to a small internal tube.

The height of this hole in relation to the top of the container during filling determines the level of liquid dispensed. The small hole in the nozzle scavenges excess liquid from the filling process and collects it in a receiver for reuse.

Vacuum level filling machines fill containers to the same height each time, rather than dispensing the same volume. This is particularly useful for glass bottles which will be side-by-side on display shelves in shops. Glass bottles vary in capacity quite a lot, yet vacuum-level filling ensures the level each bottle is filled to is the same, giving a consistent appearance from one bottle to the next. Vacuum level filling requires rigid containers which won’t collapse under a vacuum.

Vacuum-level machines have virtually no moving parts, making them incredibly reliable, and can fill up to 120 bottles per minute depending on the container type, number of filling heads and level of automation.

Bottles are simply positioned with their top in contact with a sealing ring around the nozzle. The container will start to fill as soon as an airtight seal is made and stop when the pre-determined fill height is reached.

Operating a filling machine depends on the type and scale of machine in question, although similar principles apply to all.

A suitable supply of compressed air is required along with a bulk supply of liquid for the machine to draw from. The appropriate quantity of liquid and the speed of fill needs to be determined and set.

The bottle handling mechanism or rest assembly also needs to be set-up and the system needs to be primed to replace the air in the system with the liquid before production can commence. This is a relatively quick process for Universal’s machines and is covered in detail in the User Guide for each machine.

Universal’s range of semi-automatic volumetric liquid filling machines are operated by positioning a bottle on the Bottle Rest and pressing a foot-operated start switch. Once the set filling volume is reached, filing stops and the process can be repeated with a fresh container. Take a look at our range of semi-automatic liquid filling machines.

Universal’s range of fully automatic liquid filling machines use a conveyor mechanism to pass bottles or containers through the entire filling process, taking empty bottles at one end and delivering filled bottles at the other end of its conveyor system. Explore our range of fully automatic liquid filling machines.

Request further information about vacuum filling machines

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